Thai protesters rally in Bangkok defying state of emergency | Thailand

Hundreds of protesters gather in the Thai capital calling for police to free arrested activists as they demand political reforms.

Hundreds of protesters gathered on Thursday in the Thai capital Bangkok calling for police to free arrested activists, defying emergency measures imposed earlier to quell a pro-democracy movement.

Thailand imposed “serious” emergency measures banning gatherings of more than five people in a bid to stop youth-led demonstrations that have been rocking the country since mid-July.

“Free our friends!” they chanted as they blocked off a major Bangkok intersection, watched on by hundreds of riot police. Many held up a three-finger salute which has been harnessed as a symbol of the burgeoning movement.

The main demands of protesters:

  • Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha step down
  • Parliament dissolved and new elections held
  • The constitution, drafted by the military, be rewritten
  • An end to the intimidation of dissidents
  • Reform of the monarchy – the King is widely revered and criticising him can carry prison sentences of up to 15 years

Pro-democracy protesters show the three-finger salute as they gather demanding the government resign and release detained leaders in Bangkok, Thailand [Jorge Silva/Reuters]

Al Jazeera’s Scott Heidler reported from Bangkok that over a thousand people had peacefully gathered at a high-end shopping district in central Bangkok.

“People are still coming out this afternoon in this shopping district, flouting this [ban] order,” Heidler added.

“There is really no indication the protest will turn violent anytime soon,” he said, adding that protest leaders have “emphasised they want protests to remain peaceful”.

After the emergency measures were announced, police moved to disperse protesters – who stayed through the night outside the Government House – and arrested 22 activists.

The gathering comes the day after a tense anti-government rally saw thousands gather to call for reforms to the monarchy.

Videos shared widely on social media showed police protecting the royals’ yellow car as it moved through crowds of people holding their arms aloft in the three-finger salute.

“It is extremely necessary to introduce an urgent measure to end this situation effectively and promptly to maintain peace and order,” state television said.

The announcement was accompanied by a document setting out measures that took effect from 4am local time (21:00 GMT) banning large gatherings and allowing authorities to ban people from entering any area they designate.

The emergency decree gives authorities powers to arrest protesters without warrants, and also to seize “electronic communications equipment, data and weapons” suspected to be linked to the move.

Online messages that “threaten national security” are also banned.

Fear of arrests

Campaign group Amnesty International said the measures against demonstrations were unjustified and would sow fear.

“This vague, drastic order will lead to more people unfairly arrested, detained and prosecuted,” said Amnesty’s Ming Yu Hah in a statement.

Police said they had arrested protest leaders Parit “Penguin” Chiwarak and rights lawyer Arnon Nampa. Arnon said on Facebook he was being forced to board a helicopter to the northern city of Chiang Mai, where he faces sedition charges over a speech in August.

Pictures on social media later showed student leader Panusaya “Rung” Sithijirawattanakul being taken away in a wheelchair as she gave the three-finger salute.

“We haven’t been able to restore a true democracy yet,” said 54-year-old Sun Pathong, a veteran of a decade of anti-establishment protests and counterprotests before the 2014 coup.

“I’ll be back. We have to continue the fight even if we risk our lives.”

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